Liquefaction Cycles for Cryogens
The field of gas liquefaction has a rich history, as outlined in the text by Mendelssohn . In fact, the quest for absolute zero began with the liquefaction of oxygen—thought by some to be a permanent gas—by the French mining engineer Cailletet in 1877. Liquefaction of air moved from the laboratory to commercial applications largely due to the ingenuity of Linde in 1895. Today, the sales of industrial liquefied cryogens approaches the billion-dollar-a-year mark.
KeywordsEntropy Methane Dioxide Enthalpy Argon
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