• Leslie H. Chappell
Part of the Tertiary Level Biology book series (TLB)


there are many definitions in the literature that describe the intimate associations between animals of different species. Terms like parasitism, commensalism, symbiosis, mutualism, phoresy (and many others) all possess subtle nuances of meaning. There are often arbitrary distinctions between one type of association and another, and it is sometimes difficult to decide on the most appropriate terminology for a particular relationship.


Parasitic Disease Lymphatic Filariasis Plant Parasitic Nematode Intimate Association Pathogenic Parasite 


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Further Reading

  1. Baer, J. G. (1971) Animal Parasites, World University Library, London. Baker, J. R. (1969) Parasitic Protozoa, Hutchinson University Library. ChandlerGoogle Scholar
  2. A. C. and Read, C. P. (1960) Introduction to Parasitology,Wiley. Cheng, T. C. (1973) General Parasitology,Academic Press.Google Scholar
  3. Crofton, H. D. (1966) Nematodes,Hutchinson University Library.Google Scholar
  4. Kennedy, C. R. (1975) Ecological Animal ParasitologyGoogle Scholar
  5. Blackwell. Read, C. P. (1970) Parasitism and Symbiology,Ronald Press.Google Scholar
  6. Read, C. P. (1972) Animal Parasitism,Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  7. Schmidt, G. D. and Roberts, L. S. (1977) Foundations of Parasitology,Mosby.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© L. H. Chappell 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie H. Chappell
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AberdeenUK

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