The preceding chapters have considered a variety of aspects of systems science, and have discussed many of the complex issues that arise in worldly affairs. We have shown how systems science has contributed, and continues to contribute, theoretically and in application. The discussion to date has covered issues of a qualitative nature; however, quantitative issues have not been neglected. At appropriate points we have noted that quantification can usefully, and indeed should, be employed. It was also noted that studies of structured complexity may require mathematical and statistical approaches. There are many other instances where quantification is appropriate. Chapter 9 will discuss these in a comprehensive manner.
KeywordsTransfer Function System Quantification Water Supply System Consumption Expenditure Difference Form
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