Having armed the reader with an understanding of the fundamental concepts of systems science, it is now appropriate to start the second phase of the introduction by again posing the question, “What is systems science all about?” A typical answer that a systems scientist might give is that it is about “dealing with complexity.” This response, however, will leave most inquirers feeling just as perplexed, and inevitably will provoke the question “what is complexity?” A typical response to this question is that “complexity has many possible meanings” (Mir, 1985b). So where do we go from here?
KeywordsSystem Science Consumption Expenditure Nonholonomic Constraint Investigation Display Viable System
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