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Cyanoacrylate Adhesives

  • G. H. Millet
Part of the Topics in Applied Chemistry book series (TAPP)

Abstract

The development of cyanoacrylates can be traced to wartime research at Eastman Kodak. However, the war and this research ended before the adhesive properties of these esters were recognized. Nearly a decade later, the chemist involved in this earlier work, H. W. Coover, led a research team which was looking for acrylate polymers with improved properties. Ethyl cyanoacrylate was among the monomers under investigation. Coover was alerted to the unique adhesive properties of this monomer when the prisms of an Abbe refractometer were inadvertently bonded together.1 Several years later, in 1958, Eastman Kodak introduced the first cyanoacrylate, Eastman 910, into the industrial adhesive market. For a number of years, the cyanoacrylates were regarded as specialty industrial adhesives, and had limited sales. This was due to two factors: First, unpredictable stability problems were encountered in manufacturing, packaging, and shipping, and second, adhesive users were slow to recognize the distinctive properties of these adhesives. During the 1970s, on the other hand, the situation changed and rapid growth occurred. The stability and related manufacturing problems were overcome, and other manufacturers entered the market, notably Loctite and a number of Japanese companies. At this time, the “super glues” and “instant glues” were introduced to the retail consumer market. During the same period, the performance shortcomings of these materials began to be addressed and industrial applications for these adhesives were developed.

Keywords

Bond Strength Impact Strength Maleic Anhydride Anionic Polymerization Peel Strength 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. H. Millet
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial and Consumer Sector Research Laboratory3MSt. PaulUSA

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