Advertisement

Interaction of Learning and Memory with Age in the Rat

  • Oakley S. Ray
  • Robert J. Barrett
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 6)

Abstract

This paper focuses on three issues which are important when rodents-rats or mice-are used in studying learning and memory and their interaction with the process of aging. A first question is: what data are now available in the literature? A second issue is primarily methodological and speaks to the question of the validity and generality of existing and future data in this area. The last consideration is the implication animal studies of learning, memory, and aging have for work at the human level.

Keywords

Retention Interval Avoidance Response Training Trial Performance Decrement Dark Compartment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Liddell, H.S., James, W.T., and Anderson, O.D. (1934) The comparative physiology of the conditioned motor reflex: based on experiments with the pig, dog, sheep, goat, and rabbit. Comp. Psychol. Monogr., 11, No. 51.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Skinner, B.F. (1950) Are theories of learning necessary? Psycho!. Rev. 57, 193–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hoffman, H.S., Flesher, M., and Jensen, P.J. Exp. Anal. Behay. 6, 575, (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Freund, Gerhard and Walker, Don W. The effect of aging on acquisition and retention of shuttle box avoidance in mice. Life Sciences Vol 10, Part 1, pp. 1343–1349, 1971.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Denenberg, V.W. and Kline, N.H. J. Comp. Physiol. Psycho. 51, 488, (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Oliverio, A. and Bovet, D. Life Sci. 5, 1317 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thompson, Richard W., Koenigsberg, Lewis A., and Tennison, James C. Effects of age on learning and retention of an avoidance response in rats. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 60, No. 3, 457–459 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kirby, R.H. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 56, 158 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ray, O.S. and Barrett, R.J. Step-through latencies in mice as a function of ECS-test interval. Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 4, pp. 583–586 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chevalier, J.S. Permanence of amnesia after a single posttrial electroconvulsive procedure. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 59: 125–127 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luttges, M.W. and McGaugh, J.L. Permanence of retrograde amnesia produced by electroconvulsive shock. Science 156: 408–140, (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ray, Oakley S. Passive avoidance acquisition and habituation as a function of strain, sex, age and electroconvulsive shock. Paper presented at Eastern Psychological Association Meeting, Phil. Pa. (1969).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ray, Oakley S. Retention of passive avoidance response in mice. Paper presented at Eastern Psychological Association Meeting, Atlantic City, N.J. (1970).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barrett, R.J. and Ray, O.S. Behavior in the open field, Lashley III maze, shuttle-box, and Sidman avoidance as a function of strain, sex, and age. Developmental Psychology,Vol. 3,No. 1, 1970.Interaction of Learning and Memory with Age in the Rat 39Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barrett, R.J., Caul, W.T., and Ray, O.S. Genetic and environmental influences on classical and instrumental conditioning. In preparation.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ray, Oakley S. and Barrett, Robert J. Long term retention in the rat. In preparation.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kamin, L.J. The retention of an incompletely learned avoidance response. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1957, 50, 457–460.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Grossman, S.P. A textbook of physiological psychology. New York: Wiley, 1967.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Barrett, Robert J., Leith, Nancy J., and Ray, Oakley S. Kamin Effect in rats: Index of memory of shock-induced inhibitions. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1971, Vol 77, No. 2, 234–239.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Barrett, Robert J., Leith, Nancy J., and Ray, Oakley S. A behavioral and pharmacological analysis of the variables mediating active-avoidance behavior in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology (In Press).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Barrett, Robert J., Leith, Nancy J., and Ray, Oakley S. The effects of pituitary-adrenal manipulations on time-dependent processes in avoidance learning. Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 7, pp 663–665. Pergamon Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Barrett, Robert J. and Ray, Oakley S. The effect of cholinergic-adrenergic manipulations on time dependent processes in avoidance learning. Paper presented at meeting of Psychonomic Society, St. Louis, Missouri, November, 1972.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oakley S. Ray
  • Robert J. Barrett

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations