Advertisement

Detection of Affective Disorders in the Aged

  • William W. K. Zung
  • Robert L. GreenJr.
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 6)

Abstract

One of the tasks of the physician when examining an emotionally disturbed patient is to determine whether the patient’s condition is a normal reaction to the vicissitudes of life, or whether it is an illness which requires skilled medical attention. In order to perform an evaluation for the presence or absence of an affective disorder in any patient, clear-cut diagnostic criteria must be kept in mind for each of the disorders which the clinician is considering. In addition, he must know and understand the effect of variables, such as age, and their influence on the emotional “baseline” of the normal persons. Specifically, in assessing the elderly patient, we must ask ourselves: How much anxiety and how much depressive symptomatology are usually present in the normal aged? Understanding the status of the normal elderly person would help us in the evaluation of the disturbed elderly person.

Keywords

Depressive Disorder Anxiety Disorder Depressed Patient Affective Disorder Depressive Symptomatology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Zung, W.W.K.: A Self-rating Depression Scale, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 12: 63–70, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zung, W.W.K.: A cross-cultural survey of symptoms in depression, Amer. J. Psychiat. 126: 116–121, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zung, W.W.K.: A rating instrument for anxiety disorders, Psychosom. 12: 371–379, 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zung, W.W.K., Richards, C. and Short, M.J.: Self-rating Depression Scale in an outpatient clinic, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 13: 508–515, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zung, W.W.K.: Factors influencing the Self-rating Depression Scale, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 16: 543–547, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zung, W.W.K.: Evaluating treatment methods for depressive disorders, Amer. J. Psychiat. 124 (suppl.): 40–48, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zung, W.W.K. and Wonnacott, T.H.: Treatment prediction in depression using a self-rating scale, Biol. Psychiat. 2: 321–329, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zung, W.W.K.: Depression in the normal aged, Psy chosom. 8: 287–292, 1967.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zung, W.W.K.: Depression in the normal adult population, Psychosom. 12: 164–167, 1971.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zung, W.W.K.: How normal is depression? Psychosom, 13: 174–178, 1972.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Spitzer, R.L., Cohen, J., Fleiss, J.L. and Endicott, J.: Qualification of agreement in psychiatric diagnosis, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 17: 83–87, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Spitzer, R.L. and Endicott, J.: Diagno: A computer program for psychiatric diagnosis utilizing the differential diagnostic procedure, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 18: 746–755, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kern, Richard A.: Emotional problems in relation to aging and old age, Geriatrics 26: 82–94, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zung, W.W.K.: The Depression Status Inventory: an adjunct to the Self-rating Depression Scale, J. Clin. Psycho.,in press.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Levin, S.: Depression in the aged: A study of the salient external factors, Geriatrics 18: 302–307, 1963.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mayer-Gross, W., Slater, E. and Roth, M.: Clinical Psychiatry, London: Cassell and Co., Ltd., 1960.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Foulds, G.: Psychotic depression and age, J. Ment. Sci. 106: 1394–1397, 1960.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Busse, E. and Reckless, J.: Psychiatric management of the aged, J.A.M.A. 175: 645–648, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Claghorn, J.: The many faces of anxiety in different age groups, N.Y. State J. Med. 71: 331–334, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • William W. K. Zung
  • Robert L. GreenJr.

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations