• Harold B. Hopfenberg
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (POLS, volume 8)


As recently as 15 years ago, membrane separations were considered primarily for the separation and purification of organic mixtures. Typical applications were specialty isomer separations and the separation of organic liquids with very similar volatilities [1].


Natural Rubber Reverse Osmosis Membrane Separation Polyvinylidene Chloride Retentive Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Choo, C. Y., Bixler, H. J., Michaels, A. S., and Baddour, R. F., Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc. Des. Dev., 1, 14 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Michaels, A. S., Chem. Eng. Prog., 64, 31 (1968).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Loeb, S. and Sourirajan, S., U. S. Patent 3, 133, 132 (1964).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mahon, H. I., Proceedings of the Desalination Research Conference, Publication No. 942, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1963, p. 345.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stannett, V. T., in Diffusion in Polymers, J. Crank and G. S. Park, Eds., Academic Press, London and New York, 1967, p. 41.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Merten, U., Ed., Desalination by Reverse Osmosis, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1966.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thomas, D. G., Griffith, W. L., and Keller, R. M., Desalination, 9, 33 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Blatt, W. F., Dravid, A., Michaels, A. S. and Nelson, L., in Membrane Science and Technology: Industrial, Biological, and Waste Treatment Processes, J. E. Flinn, Ed., Plenum Press, New York, 1970, p. 47.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Michaels, A. S., Chem. Eng. Prog., 64, 31 (1968).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Michaels, A. S., Bixler, H. J., and Hodges, R. M., Jr., J. Colloid Sci., 20, 1034 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Resting, R. E., Subcasky, W. J. and Paton, J. D., J. Colloid Interface Sci., 28, 156 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Palmer, J. A., Hopfenberg, H. B., and Felder, R. M., ibid., 45, 223 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bailey, M. W., Hopfenberg, H. B., and Stannett, V., presented at the 74th National Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New Orleans, La., March 11–15, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Donnan, F. G., Elektrochem. Z., 17, 572 (1911).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lonsdale, H. K., Pusch, W., and Walch, A., Trans. Faraday Soc. (in press).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Blatt, W. F., Feinberg, M. P., Hopfenberg, H. B., and Saravis, C. A., Science, 150, 224 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Porter, M. C. and Nelson, L., in Recent Developments in Separation Science; Interfacial Phenomena in Fluid Phase Separation Processes, Vol. II, N. N. Li, Ed., CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1972, p. 227.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold B. Hopfenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations