Modern Data on the Structural Organization of the Cerebral Cortex
Progress in our knowledge of the microscopic structure of the cerebral cortex and of the functional significance of the various groups of neurons from which it is formed has largely been determined by the historical development of our conceptions of the nature of functional localization in the brain as has been outlined. A particularly important role in the development of modern ideas on the localization of functions in the cerebral cortex has been played by the discovery of a highly intricate differentiation of the cortex into cyto-architectonic and myeloarchitectonic areas and fields. The diagrams of the architectonic fields of the cerebral cortex composed by Campbell (1905), Brodmann (1909), C. and O. Vogt (1919–1920), and others, as well as reports on findings pertaining to the organization of the connections between the different cortical divisions and between the cortex and the subcortical cerebral formations of the brain, have provided an accurate guide for the understanding of the anatomical basis of the complex functional systems of the cortex.
KeywordsCerebral Cortex Afferent Impulse Posterior Division Secondary Field High Mental Function
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