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Dyes for Cellulosic Fibers

  • David R. Waring
Part of the Topics in Applied Chemistry book series (TAPP)

Abstract

Although the term “cellulosic fibers” is frequently used, the type is massively dominated by cotton. Other fibers which have been embodied as cellulosic are viscose rayon, linen, cuprammonium rayon, and jute and these can be dyed with dyes related to those used on cotton. Paper and leather can also be dyed similarly. Cellulose acetates, although clearly cellulosic in structure, behave very differently to cotton and are dyed using hydrophobic dyes of the disperse type (Chapter 4). In a survey conducted in 1982, cotton production accounted for 42.8% (at 15.5 Mtons) of the total world fiber production.1 Thus, cotton production equalled the total output of man-made fibers. The importance of cotton, alone or in fiber blends, particularly with polyester, is self-evident and during the development of the dye industry several dye classes have emerged for its coloration.

Keywords

Sodium Nitrite Diazonium Salt Disulfonic Acid Sulfamic Acid Disodium Hydrogen Phosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • David R. Waring
    • 1
  1. 1.Kodak LimitedKirkby, LiverpoolEngland

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