Thermography in Ankylosing Spondylitis
The early diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the absence of clearly defined radiological changes may present clinical difficulties. The incipient inflammatory manifestations cannot be revealed radiologically, the inflammatory activity in region of sacroiliac joints (SIJ), however, may be detected by scintigraphy. The disadvantage of this method lies in its invasiveness and there is hesitation whether to use radioisotopes in young individuals (frequently under 20 years). From prognostic and diagnostic aspects it is just this group where it is necessary to find out the cause of low back pain. In the last few years, studies of Ascarelli,1 Cosh and Ring,2 Sadowska-Wroblewska,3 Schlecht et a1,4 Scott5 and Zorzin6 have drawn attention to the possibility of differentiation of temperature changes in the region of SIJ by means of thermography (T), thus detecting the inflammatory manifestations by a non-invasive method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of T as a suitable complementary diagnostic method in detecting sacroiliitis.
KeywordsAnkylose Spondylitis Sacroiliac Joint Radiological Change Diagnostic Aspect Clinical Difficulty
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