The Special Thermal Physiology of Newborn Infants

  • J. K. Stothers


As long ago as 1900 Budin suggested that keeping babies warm decreased infant mortality. However, it was not until some 60 years later that clinicians began to revise their attitudes towards the thermal care of newborn infants. This was possibly because of the recognition of the “neonatal cold injury” syndrome at that time. Prior to this, babies had been regarded as either miniature adults or, as Father Roland Knox described them, “merely a loud noise at one end and absolutely no sense of responsibility at the other”, more scientifically as poikilotherms.


Skin Temperature Brown Adipose Tissue Newborn Infant Skin Blood Flow Skin Surface Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. Bruck: Temperature regulation in the newborn infant, Biol. Neonate 3: 65–119 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. N. Hey: The relation between environmental temperature and oxygen consumption in the newborn baby, J. Physiol. 200: 589–603 (1969).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. R. Hill, K. A. Rahimtulla: Heat balance and the metabolic rate of newborn babies in relation to environmental temperature; and the effect of age and of weight on basal metabolic rate, J. Physiol. 180: 239–263 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. J. R. Dawkins, D. Hull: Brown adipose tissue and the response of newborn rabbits to cold, J. Physiol. 172: 216–238 (1964).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. W. Cross, R. M. Warner: Blockage and non-shivering thermogenesis in the newborn infant, J. Physiol. 313: 18 (1981).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. D. G. Bolton, A. M. Fox, D. L. Kennaird: Preliminary observations on the application of thermography to the study of brown adipose tissue in the human newborn, J. Physiol. 208: 23–24 (1970).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Rylander, H. Pribylova, J. Lind: A thermographie study of infants exposed to the cold, Acta Pediat. Scand. 61: 42–48 (1972).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. W. Cross, J. K. Stothers, R. M. Warner, R. W. Woodruff: The application of thermography to the detection of energy metabolism of the brain in the newborn infant, J. Physiol. 252: 44–45 (1975).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. N. Arnot, H. I. Glass, J. C. Clark, J. A. Davis, D. Schiff, C. G. Picton-Warlow: Methods of measurement of cerebral blood flow in the newborn infant using cyclotron produced isotopes, Vortrage am Gasteiner International Symposium 4: 60–74 (1970).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. R. F. Dear: Effect of feeding on jugular venous blood flow in the normal newborn infant, Arch. Dis. Child 55: 365–370 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. P. Clark, J. K. Stothers: Neonatal skin temperature distribution using infrared color thermography, J. Physiol. 302: 323–333 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. J. Agate, W. A. Silverman: The control of body temperature in the small newborn infant by low-energy infrared radiation, Pediatrics 31: 725–733 (1963).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. H. Thompson, J. K. Stothers: The effect of forced convection on neonatal water loss, Communication to Neonatal Soc. 3rd. July 1981.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Curzi-Dascalova, C. Dreyfus-Brisac: Distribution of skin potential responses according to states of sleep during the first months of life in human babies, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 41: 399–407 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. K. Stothers
    • 1
  1. 1.The London Hospital Medical CollegeLondon E1UK

Personalised recommendations