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Influence of Tissue Injury on Skin Temperature

  • L. D. Reed
  • R. C. Black

Abstract

Thermography has application in the investigation of the nature and extent of tissue trauma. However, the effects of tissue injury on skin temperatures may also interfere with other diagnostic uses of thermography. Specific examples relating to the main pathological agents, (pressure, heat, cold, nuclear radiation, etc) are briefly reviewed. The effects of trauma are discussed with reference to the pathophysiology of tissues, the resulting thermal responses, and the diagnostic process. Particular emphasis is given to the example of pressure sores. In this application it has been possible to extend the subjective interpretation of thermograms (obtained after removal of pressure) to detailed studies of the time-dependence of thermographie patterns and the quantitative analyses of the areas involved. It was found in this example that the surface temperatures, after the application and relief of sufficient tissue loading, increased to a maximum and then decreased. The temperature decrease (observed after peak temperature was attained) was approximately two degrees centigrade within the first 15 minutes in the case of normal subjects. The corresponding decrease was markedly less in the case of regions involving compromized tissue.

Keywords

Skin Temperature Pressure Sore Infrared Thermography Tissue Trauma Thermal Recovery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. D. Reed
    • 1
  • R. C. Black
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Protection SectionDefence Research EstablishmentOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Medical Engineering SectionNational Research Council of CanadaOttawaCanada

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