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The Metabolism and Utilization of Carbohydrates by Suspension Cultures of Plant Cells

  • Gagik Stepan-Sarkissian
  • Michael W. Fowler

Abstract

The subject of carbohydrate metabolism of plant cell cultures may be approached from two principal directions. The first concerns the use of cell cultures to study the physiology and biochemistry of carbohydrate metabolism in plants but at the level of the cell. The second relates to the utilization of carbohydrates as a primary carbon source and their influence upon biomass and secondary metabolite productivity in cell cultures. Such a division is of course arbitrary and superficial, the two areas often being inextricably linked together. The literature relating to carbohydrate metabolism in plant cell cultures is both disperse and, in many areas, sparse. For this reason and to examine the subject in a structured fashion, we have chosen to discuss the available data through a series of linked topics. Such an approach also has the advantage of highlighting key areas where little information is available alongside those for which a substantial body of information already exists. The topics covered concern the nature and efficiency of various carbon sources tested for their ability to support growth, the mode of utilization and fate of different carbon sources, and the effects of different carbon sources on biomass accumulation and secondary metabolite synthesis.

Keywords

Suspension Culture Carbohydrate Metabolism Cell Suspension Culture Pentose Phosphate Pathway Plant Tissue Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gagik Stepan-Sarkissian
    • 1
  • Michael W. Fowler
    • 1
  1. 1.Wolfson Institute of BiotechnologyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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