Advertisement

On Some Mechanistic Approaches to the Study of Deposit Feeding In Polychaetes

  • Robert B. Whitlatch
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 31)

Abstract

Often, foraging models constructed to predict dietary behavior of organisms partition feeding into a series of choices — decisions about where to forage, which types or quantities of food items to ingest, when to move to a new patch of food, etc. (e.g., Krebs 1978, Stephens and Krebs 1986). The rationale underlying this approach relies heavily on the supposition that as a consequence of evolutionary selection pressure(s), organisms tend to use their food resources efficiently. Given this assumption, it is then possible to develop predictions of how an organism should forage in order to maximize its feeding efficiency and evolutionary fitness.

Keywords

Food Item Functional Response Encounter Rate Deposit Feeder Negative Exponential Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Abrams, P. 1982. Functional responses of optimal foragers. Am. Nat. 120: 382-390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dauer, D.M. 1983. Functional morphology and feeding behavior of Scolelepis squamata ( Polychaeta: Spionidae). Mar. Biol. 77: 279-285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dauer, D.M. 1984. Functional morphology and feeding behaviour of Streblospio benedicti (Polychaeta; Spionidae). Pages 418 - 429 In: P.A. Hutchings (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Polychaete Conference. Linnean Soc. New South Wales, Australia.Google Scholar
  4. Doyle, R.W. 1979. Ingestion rate of a selective deposit feeder in a complex mixture of particles: testing the energy optimization hypothesis. Limnol. Ocea.nogr. 24: 867-874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Durban, A.G. 1979. Food selection by plankton feeding fishes. Pages 203 - 218. In: H. Clepper (ed.), Predator-Prey Systems in Fisheries Management. Sport Fishing Institute, Washington.Google Scholar
  6. Emlen, J.M. in press. Evolutionary ecology and the optimality assertion.Google Scholar
  7. Fauchald, K. and P.A. Jumars. 1979. The diet of worms: a study of polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev 17: 193 - 284.Google Scholar
  8. Gould, S.J. and R.C. Lewontin. 1979. The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: A critique of the adaptationist programme. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 205: 581 - 598.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hassell, M.P. 1978. The Dynamics of Arthropod Predator-prey Systems. Princeton Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hassell, M.P., J.H. Lawton and J.R. Beddington. 1977. Sigmoid functional responses by invertebrate predators and parasitoids. J. Anim. Ecol 46: 249 - 262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Holling, C.S. 1959. Some characteristics of simple types of predation and parasitism. Can. Entomol. 91: 385 - 398.Google Scholar
  12. Holling, C.S. 1965. The functional response of predators to prey density and its role in mimicry and population regulation. Mein. Entomol. Soc. Can 45: 3 - 60.Google Scholar
  13. Johnson, R.G. 1974. Particulate matter at the sediment-water interface in coastal environments. J. Mar. Res 32: 313 - 330.Google Scholar
  14. Jumars, P.A., R.F.L. Self and A.R.M. Nowell. 1982. Mechanics of particle selection by tentaculate deposit-feeders. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol 64: 47 - 70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Krebs, J.R. 1978. Optimal foraging: decision rules for predators. Pages 23 - 63. In: J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davies (eds.), Behavioural Ecology. Blackwell Sci. Publ., London.Google Scholar
  16. Levinton, J.S. 1980. Particle feeding by deposit feeders: models, data and a prospectus. Pages 423 - 439. In: K.R. Tenore and B.C. Coull (eds.), Marine Benthic Dynamics. Univ. South Carolina Press, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  17. Lipcius, R.N and A.H. Hines. 1986. Variable functional responses of a marine predator in dissimilar homogeneous microhabitats. Ecology 67: 1361 - 1371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mayer, L.M., L.L. Schick and F.W. Setchell. 1986. Measurement of protein in nearshore marine sediments. Mar. Ecol, Progr. Ser 30: 159 - 165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rogers, D. 1972. Random search and insect population models. J. Anim. Ecol 41: 369 - 383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Royama, T. 1971. A comparative study of models for predation and parasitism. Res. Popul. Ecol, Suppl. 1: 1 - 91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Solomon, M.E. 1949. The natural control of animal populations. J. Anim. Ecol 18: 1 - 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sjoberg, S. 1980. Zooplankton feeding and queing theory. Ecol. Modell 10: 215 - 225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Stephens, D.W. and J.R. Krebs. 1986. Foraging Theory. Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  24. Taghon, G.L. 1981. Beyond selection: optimal ingestion rate as a function of food value. Am. Nat. 118: 202-214.Google Scholar
  25. Taghon, G.L. 1982. Optimal foraging by deposit-feeding invertebrates: roles of particle size and organic coating. Oecologia 52: 295 - 304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Taghon, G.L., R.F.L. Self and P.A. Jumars. 1978. Predicting particle selection by deposit-feeders: a model and its implications. Limnol. Oceanogr 23: 752 - 759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Taghon, G.L. and P.A. Jumars. 1984. Variable ingestion rate and its role in optimal foraging behavior of marine deposit-feeders. Ecology 65: 549 - 558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Valiela, I. 1984. Marine Ecological Processes. Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  29. Whitlatch, R.B. 1981. Animal-sediment relationships in intertidal marine benthic habitats: some determinants of deposit-feeder species diversity. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol 53: 31 - 45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Whitlatch, R.B. and J.R. Weinberg. 1982. Factors influencing particle selection and feeding rate in the polychaete Cistenides (Pectinaria) gouldii. Mar. Biol. 71: 33 - 40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert B. Whitlatch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine SciencesThe University of ConnecticutGrotonUSA

Personalised recommendations