There are many reasons why the Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP) first drawn up by General Motors and the Technical and Office Protocols (TOP) promoted by Boeing are important. One is that, in the short but turbulent history of the computer industry, these two initiatives mark the first occasion on which users dictated terms to even the mightiest of their suppliers. Another is this: MAP and TOP specifications were drawn up for use by those in manufacturing industry, and this book is intended mainly for these users. But MAP and, especially, TOP may have much wider applications than in manufacturing. The authors hope readers in other activities than manufacturing will also find the book useful and relevant, despite the inevitable preponderance of references to ‘manufacturing’ in the text.
KeywordsComputer Numerical Control Shop Floor Migration Path Test Timetable Factory Automation
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