An Immunofluorescence Approach toward the Identification of Endosymbiotic Diatoms in Several Species of Larger Foraminifera

  • John J. Lee
  • Ying Chan
  • Annie Lagziel
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 25)


Larger foraminifera are collectively the hosts for a diverse range of endosymbiotic algae. Individual species of forams are hosts for dinoflagellates, chlorophytes rhodophytes or diatoms (reviewed in Lee, 1980; Lee and McEnery, 1983; Leuteneger, 1984). Although host/symbiont specificity is considered the norm in invertebrate/algal symbioses the diatom-bearing foraminifera seem to be an exception. Lee, and coworkers (1980a, b, work in progress; Lee and Reimer, 1983) have identified approximately 20 different species of diatoms which they have isolated from species of larger formaminifera. Usually specimens of a host species harbor only a single diatom species at one time but specimens of the same host may harbor a different diatom species at another location in the field or when collected again at the same station.


Great Barrier Reef Benthic Foraminifera Large Foraminifera Large Benthic Foraminifera FITC Conjugate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • John J. Lee
    • 1
  • Ying Chan
    • 1
  • Annie Lagziel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCity College of CunyNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Steinitz Marine Biological LabElatIsrael

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