Advertisement

The Collagen of the Porifera

  • Robert Garrone
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 93)

Abstract

The phylum Porifera is not a widely known group of animals. Although the skeleton of certain species, the bath sponges, is a common object, most people have no idea that it represents the collagenous skeleton of an animal. Even for Biologists, the sponges are poorly documented and their collagen remains one of the most puzzling in the animal kingdom. However, there is now an increasing interest in the biology of these primitive and fascinating multicellular animals and several recent books are available (Bergquist, 1978; Brien et al., 1973; Garrone, 1978; Simpson, 1984).

Keywords

Collagen Fibril Marine Sponge Freshwater Sponge Multicellular Animal Calcarean Sponge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akiyama, S. K., and Johnson, M. D., 1983, Fibronectin in evolution: presence in invertebrates and isolation from Microciona prolifera, Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 76B:687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bach, B., Gregson, R. P., Holland, G. S., Quinn, R. J., and Reichelt, J. L., 1978, L-Azetidine-2-Carboxylic Acid, the antidermatophyte constituent of two marine sponges, Experientia, 34:688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergquist, P. R., “Sponges,” Univ. Calif. Press, Los Angeles (1978).Google Scholar
  4. Borojevic, R., and Lévi, C., 1967, Le basopinacoderme de 1’éponge Mycalecontarenii (Martens). Technique d’étude des fibres extracellulaires basales, J. Micros., 6:857.Google Scholar
  5. Brien, P., 1973, Les Démosponges, in “Traité de Zoologie, vol. III, fasc. 1,” P.-P. Grassé ed., Masson, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Brønsted, H. V., and Carlsen, F. E., 1951, A cortical cytoskeleton in expanded epithelium cells of sponge gemmules, Exp. Cell Res., 2:90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Vos, L., 1972, Fibres géantes de collagène chez l’éponge Ephydatia fluviatilis, J. Micros., 15:247.Google Scholar
  8. De Vos, L., “Etude ultrastructurale de la formation et de 1’éclosion des gemmules d’Ephydatia fluviatilis,” Thesis, Univ. Bruxelles (1974).Google Scholar
  9. De Vos, L., 1977, Morphogenesis of the collagenous shell of the gemmules of a fresh-water sponge Ephydatia fluviatilis, Arch. Biol. Liège, 88:479.Google Scholar
  10. Fessier, J. H., Lundstrum, G., Duncan, K. G., Campbell, A. G., Sterne, R., Bächinger, H. P., and Fessier, L. I., 1984, Evolutionary constancy of basement membranes components, in “The role of extracellular matrix in development,” R. L. Trelstad ed., Alan Liss, N.Y.Google Scholar
  11. Garrone, R., “Phylogenesis of connective tissue,” S. Karger, Basel (1978).Google Scholar
  12. Garrone, R., 1984, Formation and involvement of extracellular matrix in development of sponges, a primitive multicellular system, in “The role of extracellular matrix in development,” Alan Liss, N. Y.Google Scholar
  13. Garrone, R., and Pottu, J., 1973, Collagen biosynthesis in sponges: elaboration of spongin by spongocytes, J. Submicr. Cytol., 5:199.Google Scholar
  14. Garrone, R., Vacelet, J., Pavans de Ceccatty, M., Junqua, S., Robert, L., and Huc, A., 1973, Une formation collagène particulière: les filaments des éponges cornées Ircinia. Etude ultrastructurale, physicochimique et biochimique. J. Micros., 17:241.Google Scholar
  15. Garrone, R., Huc, A., and Junqua, S., 1975, Fine structure and physicochemical studies on the collagen of the marine sponge Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, J. Ultrastruct. Res., 52:261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Garrone, R., Lethias, C., and Escaig, J., 1980, Freeze fracture study of sponge cell membranes and extracellular matrix. Preliminary results, Biol. Cell., 38:71.Google Scholar
  17. Gross, J., Sokal, Z., and Rougvie, M., 1956, Structural and chemical studies on the connective tissue of marine sponges, J. Histochem. Cytochem., 4:227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hunt, S., and Oates, K., 1978, Fine structure and molecular organization of the periostracum in a gastropod mollusc Buccinum undatum and its relation to similar structural protein systems in other invertebrates, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., 283:417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Imhoff, J.-M., and Garrone, R., 1983, Solubilization and characterization of Chondrosia reniformis sponge collagen, Connective Tissue Res., 11:193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Junqua, S., Robert, L., Garrone, R., Pavans de Ceccatty, M., and Vacelet, J., 1974, Biochemical and morphological studies on the collagens of the Horny sponges. Ircinia filaments compared to spongines. Connective Tissue Res., 2:193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kuehn, K., Timpl, R., and Schoene, H. H., “New Trends in basement membrane Research,” Raven Press, N. Y. (1982).Google Scholar
  22. Labat-Robert, J., Robert, L., Auger, C., Lethias, C., and Garrone, R., 1981, Fibronectin-like protein in Porifera: its role in cell aggregation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 78:6261.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ledger, P., 1974, Types of collagen fibers in the calcareous sponges Sycon and Leucandra, Tissue Cell, 6:385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lethias, C., Garrone, R., and Mazzorana, M., 1983, Fine structure of sponge cell membranes: comparative study with freeze-fracture and conventional thin section methods, Tissue Cell, 15:523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mazzorana, M., “Contribution à l’étude de la biosynthèse du collagène chez l’éponge d’eau douce Ephydatia mülleri”, Thesis, Lyon (1982).Google Scholar
  26. Piez, K. A., and Gross, J., 1959, The amino acid composition and morphology of some invertebrate and vertebrate collagens, Biochem. Biophys. Acta, 34:24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vacelet, J., 1971, Ultrastructure et formation des fibres de spongine d’éponges cornées Verongia, J. Micros., 10:13.Google Scholar
  28. Weissenfels, N., 1978, Bau und funktion des süsswasserschwamms Ephydatia fluviatilis L. (Porifera). V. Das nadelskelet und seine entslehung, Zool., Jb., Anat., Bd., 99:211.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Garrone
    • 1
  1. 1.Histologie et Biologie Tissulaire (CNRS LA 244-RCP 533)Université Claude BernardVilleurbanne CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations