Lattice Strain Measurements on Deformed Fcc Metals
In this work experiments have been undertaken to determine the type of residual stresses of plastically deformed polycrystals of aluminum, copper, and nickel which cause a shift of the X-ray interference lines. In order to get accurate stress values, the lattice strain distribution has been measured in special planes of the deformed specimens, using the sin2ψ technique. The surface stresses were determined as a function of the macroscopic plastic strain of cylindrical specimens. With increasing strain, the residual surface stress component parallel to the direction of deformation increases. The stresses observed are compressive ones after tension and tensile ones after compression.
The changes in the residual lattice strain distributions which arise on progressive thinning of the plastically deformed specimens have been measured. From the stress values determined in each new surface layer, the stress distribution originally present in the undestroyed specimen was calculated. Tensile stresses in the interior of the specimens are in equilibrium with compressive stresses in the surface areas. The formation of residual stresses on specimens with a work-hardened surface layer is found to be quite different from that of well-annealed samples.
The results of this work seem to show that in uniaxially deformed cylindrical specimens, residual macrostresses arise which may be a consequence of a macroscopic inhomogeneity of work-hardening between the surface layers and the interior of the polycrystals.
KeywordsResidual Stress Lattice Strain Residual Strain Compressive Residual Stress Residual Stress Distribution
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