Two-Crystal X-Ray Spectrometer Attachment

  • Leonid V. Azároff


A two-crystal spectrometer that makes full use of conventional diffractometer or spectrometer motions has been constructed so that it can be easily attached to a commercial instrument. The requisite degree of parallelism of the two crystal-rotation axes is maintained by keeping both parallel to a single ground surface. Special alignment aids have been constructed to facilitate the rapid alignment of the instrument, which can be operated manually in 1” intervals or used for automatic scanning in steps of 0.01°. Some guide lines for comparing the relative performance of spectrometers in X-ray absorption spectroscopy are suggested.


Circular Plate Rotation Shaft Automatic Scanning Bore Hole Crystal Holder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. H. Compton, “The Intensity of X-ray Reflection and the Distribution of Electrons in Atoms,” Phys. Rev. 9: 29, 1917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. E. Sandström, “Experimental Methods of X-ray Spectroscopy: Ordinary Wavelengths,” in: S. Flügge (ed.) Handbuck der Physik, Vol. 30, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1957, pp. 79–245.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. H. Compton and S. K. Allison, X-rays in Theory and Experiment, 2nd ed., D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, 1935.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Otto von der Heyde, Newton Highlands 61, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. J. Klems, B. N. Das, and L. V. Azâroff, “Single-Crystal Spectrometers for X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy,” in: Developments in Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 2, Plenum Press, New York, 1963, p. 275–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Weissmann, Method for the Study of Lattice Inhomogeneities Combining X-Ray Microscopy and Diffraction Analysis, Rutgers University Rearch Bulletin, No. 39, 1956.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. G. Parratt and C. F. Hempstead, Correction of Complex Spectra for Instrumental Resolving Power, Part I: Model Windows,Air Force Office of Scientific Research Technical Report AFOSR TN-56–388, 1965; ASTIA No. AD 96046.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonid V. Azároff
    • 1
  1. 1.Illinois Institute of TechnologyChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations