Nuclear Waste Characteristics

  • Kirk R. Smith


Among the potential liabilities of nuclear power, nuclear waste is at the center of a great part of the public and policy discussions. Although political, social, economic and even ethical issues are important parts of those discussions, there exist physical and biological bases upon which much of these discussions depend. To insure that the discussions will lead to proper decisions, it is crucial that the characteristics of nuclear waste be measured and reported in a way that both accurately reflects physical reality and also is relevant to human concerns. It is incumbent upon the technical community to help develop and deploy indices for this task and to resist the use of indices that tend to distort the true physical character of the wastes. It is only through properly and carefully constructed indices of physical conditions that informed policy is served in arenas where technical factors have such an important role.


Nuclear Waste Disposal Site Fuel Cycle Spend Fuel Maximum Permissible Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B.L.Cohen, Sci. Am., 236, 21 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.P. Holdren and K.R. Smith, (forthcoming); USDOE, Report of Task Force for Review of Nuclear Waste Management, Washington D.C.(1978); U.P.Oliver, OECD Observer, #88, 13 (1977); USNRC, NUREG-0456 Washington, D.C. (1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Krugman and F. von Hippel, Science, l97, 883 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K.R. Smith, Science, 201, 609 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Bethe, Sci. Am., 234, 21 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    USDOE, EIS-0046-D, App. H, Washington, D.C. (1979); D.Pines (ed), Rev. Mod. Phy., 50 (Jan. 1978).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Internl. Comm. on Rad. Prot., #2 (1959), #6 ( 1964 ), Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Internl. Comm. on Rad. Prot., #10 (1968), Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K.Z. Morgan and J.E. Turner, Principles of Radiation Protection, Kreiger, Huntington, NY (1973).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.J. Bell, ORNL-4628, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., TN (1973).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    P.E. McGrath, KFK-1992, Kernforschunszentrum Karlsruhe, West Germany (1972).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Hamstra, Nuc. Saf., 16, 180 (1975).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Gera, ORNL-TM-4481, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., TN (1975).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.J. Cohen, NR-CONF-001, p. 396, USNRC, Washington, D.C. (1977).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B.L. Cohen, Rev. Mod. Phy., 49, 1 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.J. Bell and R.S. Dillon, ORNL-TM-3548, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., TN (1971).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    C.F. Smith and W.F. Kastenberg, Nuc. Eng. Des., 39, 393 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R.J. Cholister et al., Allied-General Nuclear Services, Barnwell, S.C. (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.H. Puechl, Nuc. Eng. Intnl., 20, 950 (1975).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Dau and R. Williams, EPRI J., 1, 6 (July 1976).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H.C. Claiborne, ORNL-TM-3965, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., TN (1972).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    HO.Haug, IAEA-SM-207/51, 2, 233 Intnl. Atom. Energy Agency, Vienna (1976).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    W.D. Bond, et al., Nuc. Tech., 24, 362 (1974).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.S. Kubo and D.J. Rose, Science, 182, 1205 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    W.P. Bishop and F.J. Miraglia (eds), NUREG-0116, p. 4–92, USNRC, Washington, D.C. (1976).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    USNRC, Supp. 2 to WASH-1248, Washington, D.C. (1977).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    K.R. Smith, Interaction of Time and Technology, Garland, New York (1980).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    T.R. LaPorte, Science, 201, 22 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirk R. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Resource Systems InstituteEast-West CenterHonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations