Ecology of Polyprosthecate Bacteria

  • Alexandre Semenov
  • James T. Staley
Part of the Advances in Microbial Ecology book series (AMIE, volume 12)


Several reviews have been written about the hyphomicrobia and caulobacters, the prosthecate bacteria with which bacteriologists are most familiar (Dow et al., 1976; Whittenbury and Dow, 1977; Dow and Lawrence, 1980; Dow and Whittenbury, 1980; Harder and Attwood, 1978; Hirsch, 1974b; Moore, 1981a,b; Poindexter, 1964, 1981a,b). In contrast, the multiple-appendaged or polyprosthecate bacteria have not been so often reviewed (Schmidt, 1971). There are two reasons for this lack of attention. First, these organisms were discovered and isolated later than most other prosthecate bacteria. And second, members of this group have been, in general, more difficult to isolate in pure culture and to cultivate and study in the laboratory. Recently, however, a number of new genera and species have been isolated and named (Vasilyeva and Semenov, 1984, 1986; Bauld et al., 1983; Schlesner, 1983, 1987a,b; Staley, 1984; Vasilyeva et al., 1991), and these bacteria have become the subjects of greater investigation. This review briefly considers the biological characteristics of these bacteria and discusses in greater detail what is known about their ecological role(s).


Substrate Concentration Dilution Rate Rice Paddy Dissolve Oxygen Tension USSR Acad 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandre Semenov
    • 1
  • James T. Staley
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of MicrobiologyUSSR Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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