The New Cosmos pp 313-319 | Cite as

Cosmic Rays: High Energy Astronomy

  • Albrecht Unsöld
Part of the Heidelberg Science Library book series (HSL)


To-day one investigates primary cosmic rays, before they have started to interact with the material of the Earth’s atmosphere, by use of balloons, rockets and artificial satellites. They include protons, α-particles and heavy nuclei. By means of tracks in photographic emulsions, one can determine their charge-number Z and then one finds the following abundance-distribution compared with ordinary stellar material of population I. The table gives log N referred to hydrogen = 12, where N is the relative number of atoms.


Radio Source Radio Galaxy Interplanetary Plasma Galactic Magnetic Field Cosmic Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Cosmic Rays: High Energy Astronomy

  1. Ginzburg, W. L., and S. I. Syrovatskii: The origin of cosmic rays. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1964.Google Scholar
  2. Sandström, A. E.: Cosmic ray physics. Amsterdam: North-Holland 1965.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Wolfendale, A. W.: Cosmic rays. London: Lewnes 1963.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albrecht Unsöld
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical Physics and University ObservatoryKielGermany

Personalised recommendations