Some Fundamental Aspects of Photochemistry and Photochemical Air Pollution

  • James N. PittsJr.


The purpose of the following notes is to present in general form some principles of photochemistry and discuss some examples of photochemistry and discuss some examples of their applications to the problem of photochemical air pollution. Literature references are to be found at the end of these notes.


Primary Process Nitrogen Dioxide Photochemical Process Aliphatic Aldehyde Photophysical Process 
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A. Fundamental

  1. 1.
    J. G. Calvert and J. N. Pitts, Jr., Photochemistry, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1966, 899 pages.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. A. Leighton, Photochemistry of Air Pollution, Academic Press, New York, 1961, 300 pages.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. N. Pitts, Jr., “Relations Between Molecular Structure and Photodecomposition Modes”, J. Chem. Ed., 34, 112 (1957).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    James N. Pitts, Jr., James H. Sharp and Sunney I. Chan, “Effects of Wavelength and Temperature on the Primary Processes of Nitrogen Dioxide and a Spectroscopic-Photochemical Determination of the Dissociation Energy”, J. Chem. Phys., 40, 3655 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

B. Applications to Photochemistry

  1. 5.
    A. P. Altshuller and J. J. Bufalini, “Photochemical Aspects of Air Pollution: A Review”, Photochem. Photobiol.,4, 97 (1965).Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    J. N. Pitts, Jr., A. U. Khan, E. Brian Smith, and R. P. Wayne, “Singlet Oxygen in the Environmental Sciences. II. Singlet Molecular Oxygen and Photochemical Air Pollution”, Environ. Sci. Technol., 3,, 241 (1969) .CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 7.
    J. N. Pitts, Jr., “Environmental Appraisal: Oxidants, Hydrocarbons and Oxides of Nitrogen”, Air Pollution Control Association Symposium Proceedings, June 22–26, 1969, To appear in a special issue of the Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    A. J. Haagen-Smit and L. G. Wayne, “Atmospheric Reactions and Scavenging Processes” in Air Pollution, Vol. 1, A. C. Stern, Ed., Academic Press, New York, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    E. A. Schuck and E. R. Stephens, “Oxides of Nitrogen” in Advances in Environmental Sciences, Vol. 1, J. N. Pitts, Jr. and R. L. Metcalf, Eds., Interscience, New York, 1969, p. 73.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    A. J. Haagen-Smit and M. M. Fox, “Ozone Formation in Photochemical Oxidation of Organic Substances”, Ind. Eng. Chem., 48. 1484 (1956).Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    A. P. Altshuller, I. R. Cohen and T. C. Purcell, “Photooxidation of Propionaldehyde at Low Partial Pressures of Aldehyde”, Science, 156, 937 (1967).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • James N. PittsJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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