Why do We Need Local Gauge Invariance in Theories with Vector Particles? An Introduction

  • G.’t Hooft
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 59)


During the last decennium it has become more and more clear that gauge theories play a decisive role in elementary particle physics. Indeed, the most general possible theory for a finite class of particle types, with not too strong interactions, and valid to very high energies, must be a gauge theory with some scalar and spinor fields.


Gauge Theory Mass Shell Spinor Field Vector Particle Scalar Field Theory 
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  1. More details on the subject of this lecture can be found in: G. ’t Hooft and M. Veltman, “)IAGRAMMAR”, CERN report 73–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G.’t Hooft
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUtrechtThe Netherlands

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