Sputtered High-Tc Superconducting Films as Fast Optically Triggered Switches

  • P. H. Ballentine
  • A. M. Kadin
  • W. R. Donaldson


Thin films of superconducting Y1Ba2Cu3O7 have been used as the active element in an optically triggered fast opening switch. Both granular and highly c-axis oriented films, ranging in thickness from 2000 Å to 7000 Å, were subject to 150 psec pulses from a Nd:YAG laser and exhibited switching from the superconducting to the normal state in times ranging from 1 nsec to 10 nsec, followed by a much slower decay over 100 nsec to 1 µsec. The magnitude of the voltage response and the slow decay can be explained in terms of a simple bolometric effect, while the rapid switching of even the thicker films is indicative of nonequilibrium hot electron transport from the absorbing surface layer to the remaining film thickness. At higher temperatures the response time is slower than 10 nsec, indicating a more diffusive behavior to the electron heat transport. These results give some indication of the electron-phonon collision time and help set limits to the maximum film thickness useable for laser triggered fast opening switches.


Laser Fluence Slow Decay Epitaxial Film YBCO Film Granular Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J.C. Culbertson, U. Strom, S.A. Wolf, P. Skeath, E.J. West, and W.K. Bums, Phys Rev. B 39, 12362 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D.P. Osterman, R. Drake, R. Patt, E.K. Track, M. Radparvar, and S.M. Faris, IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG-25, 1323 (1989).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.S. Kwok, J.P. Zheng, and Q.Y. Ying, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2473 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.G. Forrester, M. Gottlieb, J.R. Gavaler, and A.I. Braginski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53 1332 (1989).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W.S. Brocklesby, et. al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1175 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W.R. Donaldson, A.M. Kadin, P.H. Ballentine, and R. Sowbelewski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2470 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.H. Lee, editor, Picosecond Optoelectronic Devices (Academic, New York, 1984).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W.R. Donaldson, in Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics II, edited by F.J. Leonberger, C.H. Lee, F. Capasso, and H. Morkoc (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T.L. Francavilla, D.L. Peebles, H.H. Neslon, J.H. Claassen, S.A. Wolf, and D.U. Gubser, IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG-25, 1397 (1987).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. M. Kadin, P.H. Ballentine, J. Argana, and R.C. Rath, IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG-25, 2437 (1989).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C.B. Eom, J.Z. Sun, K. Yamamoto, A.F. Marshall, K.E. Luther, T.H. Geballe, and S.S. Laderman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 595 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. H. Ballentine, A. M. Kadin, M.A. Fisher, and D.S. Mallory, IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG-25, 950 (1989).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    H.E. Fischer, S.K. Watson, and D.G. Cahill, Comments on Condensed Matter Physics, 14, 65 (1988).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.D. Brorson, J.G. Fujimoto, and E.P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1962 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.M. Kadin, W.R. Donaldson, P.H. Ballentine, and R. Sobolewski, Proc. of the Int. Conf. on the Materials and Mechanism of High Temperature Superconductivity, Stanford, CA, July 23–28, 1989.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G.L., Doll, et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 402 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E.M. Gershenzon, M.E. Gershenzon, G.N. Gol’tsman, A.D. Seminov, and A.V. Sergeev, in Extended Abstracts of 1989 International Superconductivity Electronics Conference, Tokyo, Japan, June 12–13, 1989.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V.Z. Kresin and S.A. Wolf, Solid State Comm. 63, 1141 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Ballentine
    • 1
  • A. M. Kadin
    • 1
  • W. R. Donaldson
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Laser Energetics and Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations