Advertisement

Epistemological Therapy and Constructivism

  • Luis Joyce-Moniz

Abstract

It is clear that there is nothing fictitious about this type of dialogue. For a great number of us, clients and therapists alike, Pandora’s box has made its way into clinical practice. It is a relatively good metaphor of epistemological inquiry and has nothing in common with the original box, which contained only human ills that flew forth when it was foolishly opened by Pandora. To save time and psychic energy, the therapist habitually analyzes the possibility of the client’s agreeing to learn about the transformation of his cognitive processes and considering the possibility of getting the therapist to understand the client’s acquisition of knowledge.

Keywords

Moral Reasoning Negative Feeling Cognitive Therapy Epistemic Status Dialectic Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arnkoff, D. B. Psychotherapy from the perspective of cognitive theory. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, A. T. Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Wiley, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. Connel, R. The child’s construction of politics. Melbourne: University Press, 1971. D’Zurilla, T. J., and Goldfried, M. R. Problem solving and behavior modification. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1971, 78, 107–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ekman, P., Krasner, L., & Ullmann, L. P. Interaction of set and awareness as determinants of response to verbal conditioning. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1963, 66, 387–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ellis, A. Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stuart, 1962.Google Scholar
  8. Ellis, A. Rational-emotive therapy and cognitive-behavior therapy: Similarities and differences. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1980, 4, 325–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Frank, J. D. Persuasion and healing Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1961. Garfield, S. L. Research on client variables in psychotherapy. In A. E. Bergin & S. L.Google Scholar
  10. Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change ( 2nd ed. ). New York: Wiley, 1978.Google Scholar
  11. Goldfried, M. R. Systematic desensitization as training in self-control. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1971, 37, 228–234.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goldfried, M. R., & Davison, G. C. Clinical behavior therapy. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.Google Scholar
  13. Goldfried, M. R., Decenteo, E. T., & Weinberg, L. Systematic rational restructuring as a self-control technique. Behavior Therapy, 1974, 5, 247–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Goldstein, A. P. Therapist—patient expectancies in psychotherapy. New York: Pergamon, 1962.Google Scholar
  15. Goldstein, A. P. Structured learning therapy: Toward a psychotherapy for the poor. New York: Academic Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  16. Gordon, T. PET: Parent Effectiveness Training. New York: Wyden, 1970.Google Scholar
  17. Hoffman, M. L. Empathy, role-taking, guilt and development of altruistic motives. In T. Lickona (Ed.), Moral development and behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.Google Scholar
  18. Holstein, C. B. Irreversible, stepwise sequence in the development of moral judgment: A longitudinal study of males and females. Child Development, 1976, 47, 51–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jakubowski, P., & Lange, A. J. The assertive option: Your rights and responsibilities. Champaign, IL: Research Press Company, 1978.Google Scholar
  20. Joyce-Moniz, L. Self-cognition: A cognitive-developmental approach to self-understanding. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, 1976.Google Scholar
  21. Joyce-Moniz, L. Mécanismes de compensation et de rééquilibration dans le développement socio-affectif de l’enfant et de l’adulte. Revue Suisse de Psychologie Pure et Appliquée, 1978, 37, 117–127.Google Scholar
  22. Joyce-Moniz, L. Développement socio-cognitif et auto-contrôle de la pensée Paper pre- sented at the 9th European Congress of Behavioural Therapy, Paris, 1979. (a)Google Scholar
  23. Joyce-Moniz, L. Perspectivas cognitivistas no desenvolvimento socio-afectivo do ‘self’. In C. Jesuino, G. Pereira, & J. Moniz (Eds.), Desenvolvimento psicologico da crianca (Vol. 2,2 Tomo). Lisbon: Morais, 1979. (b)Google Scholar
  24. Joyce-Moniz, L. New decentering techniques in cognitive assertive training. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Association for Behavioural Therapy, Sheffield, 1980.Google Scholar
  25. Joyce-Moniz, L. Perspectives constructivistes dans le mouvement thérapeutique cognitiviste. Revue de Modification du Comportement, 1981, 11, 83–90.Google Scholar
  26. (a).
    Joyce-Moniz, L. From decentration to compensation: Toward a cognitive-constructivist therapy. Paper presented at the First European Meeting on Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies, Lisbon: 1981.Google Scholar
  27. b)Kazdin, A. E. Imagery elaboration and self-efficacy in the covert modeling treatment of unassertive behavior Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,1979, 47725–733 Google Scholar
  28. Kelly, G. A. The psychology of personal constructs. New York: Norton, 1955.Google Scholar
  29. Kendall, P. C. On the efficacious use of verbal self-instructional procedures with children Cognitive Therapy and Research1977, 1331–341 Google Scholar
  30. Kohlberg, L. Stage and sequence: The cognitive-developmental approach to socialization. In D. A. Goslin (Ed.), Handbook of socialization theory and research. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969.Google Scholar
  31. Kohlberg, L., & Ullian, D. Stages in the development of psychosexual concepts and attitudes. In R. Friedman, R. Richart, R. Wiele, & L. Stern (Eds.), Sex differences in behavior. New York: Wiley, 1974 Google Scholar
  32. Kuhn, D., Langer, L., & Kohlberg, L. Attainment of formal operations. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 1977, 1, 97–188.Google Scholar
  33. Kuhn, T. S. The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  34. Lazarus, A. A. Group therapy of phobic disorders Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology1961, 63, 504–512.Google Scholar
  35. Lazarus, A. A., & Fay, A. Resistance or rationalization? A cognitive-behavioral perspective. In P. L. Wachtel (Ed.), Resistance: Psychodynamic and behavioral approaches. New York: Plenum Press, 1982 Google Scholar
  36. Lickona, T. Critical issues in the study of moral development and behavior. In T. Lickona (Ed.), Moral development and behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.Google Scholar
  37. Liotti, G., & Reda, M. Some epistemological remarks on behavior therapy, cognitive therapy and psychoanalysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1981, 5, 231–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Luria, A. The role of speech in the regulation of normal and abnormal behavior. New York: Liveright, 1961.Google Scholar
  39. Mahoney, M. J. Cognition and behavior modification. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1974.Google Scholar
  40. Mahoney, M. J. Psychotherapy and the structure of personal revolutions. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mahoney, M. J., & Thoresen, C. E. (Eds.). Self-control: Power to the person. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1974.Google Scholar
  42. Meichenbaum, D. Cognitive behavior modification: An integrative approach. New York: Plenum Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  43. Meichenbaum, D., & Butler, L. Egocentrism and evidence: Making Piaget kosher. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  44. Meichenbaum, D., & Cameron, R. Cognitive behavior modification: Current issues. In C. M. Frank & G. T. Wilson (Eds.), Handbook of behavior therapy. New York: Guilford, 1980.Google Scholar
  45. Mischel, W., & Mischel, H. N. A cognitive social-learning approach to morality and self-regulation. In T. Lickona (Ed.), Moral development and behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.Google Scholar
  46. Neisser, U. Three cognitive psychologies and their implications. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  47. Paul, G. L. Effects of insight, desensitization, and attention placebo treatment of anxiety. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  48. Piaget, J. L’équilibration des structures cognitives. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1975.Google Scholar
  49. Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. La psychologie de l’enfant. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1968.Google Scholar
  50. Rickels, K., & Anderson, F. L. Attrited and completed lower socioeconomic class clinic patients in psychiatric drug therapy. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 1967, 8, 90–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Saltzman, C., Luetgert, M. J., Roth, C. H., Creaser, J., & Howard, L. Formation of a therapeutic relationship. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1976, 44, 546–555.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Selman, R. L. Socio-cognitive understandings: A guide to educational and clinical practice. In T. Lickona (Ed.), Moral development and behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.Google Scholar
  53. Sloane, R. B., Staples, F. R., Cristol, A. H., Yorkston, N.J., & Whipple, K. Psychotherapy versus behavior therapy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  54. Sollod, R. N., & Wachtel, P. L. A structural and transactional approach to cognition in clinical problems. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  55. Spivack, G., Platt, J. J., & Shure, M. B. The problem-solving approach to adjustment. San Francisco: Jossey/Bass, 1976.Google Scholar
  56. Storms, M. D., & Nisbett, R. E. Insomnia and attribution process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1970, 2, 319–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Von Glasersfeld, E. The concepts of adaptation and viability in a radical constructivist theory of knowledge. In I. E. Sigel, D. M. Brodzinsky, & R. M. Golinkoff (Eds.), New directions in piagetian theory and practice. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1981.Google Scholar
  58. Weimer, W. B. Science as a rhetorical transaction. Philosophy and Rhetoric, 1977, 10, 1–29.Google Scholar
  59. Weimer, W. B. Psychotherapy and philosophy of science: Examples of a two-way street in search of traffic. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  60. Wilson, G. T. Toward specifying the “nonspecific” factors in behavior therapy. In M.J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  61. Wolpe, J. Cognitive behavior and its roles in psychotherapy: An integrative account.In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Psychotherapy process. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  62. Wolpe, J., & Lazarus, A. A. Behavior therapy techniques: A guide to the treatment of neuroses. London: Pergamon, 1966.Google Scholar
  63. Zimmerman, B. J. Social learning theory and cognitive constructivism. In I. E. Sigel, D. M. Brodzinsky, & R. M. Golinkoff (Eds.), New directions in Piagetian theory and practice. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Joyce-Moniz
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations