A Constructivistic Foundation for Cognitive Therapy

  • Vittorio F. Guidano
  • Gianni Liotti


Psychotherapy as a cultural achievement emerging in the last century lacks a coherent, unitary, epistemological program; this lack of a program explains the steady proliferation of competing approaches. The cognitive approach has represented, for many students, the promise of a new integrating paradigm. However, the proliferation of a number of cognitive therapies, along with the present inability of clinicians engaged in this kind of therapy to define a theoretical framework capable of including the basic contributions of developmental, experimental, and clinical psychology, seems to indicate that the cognitive approach, too, could fall into epistemological confusion. The theoretical framework delineated in the first section of our chapter is not only relevant to everyday clinical practice but also leads to a model of cognitive organization that can be used as a guideline for clinical research and psychotherapeutic work. Our second section deals with a clinical study of agoraphobia and suggests connections between the theoretical model and clinical practice.


Tacit Knowledge Personal Identity Cognitive Therapy Explicit Knowledge Knowledge Organization 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vittorio F. Guidano
    • 1
  • Gianni Liotti
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Cognitive PsychotherapyRomeItaly

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