Metabolic Correlates of Ethanol, Acetaldehyde, Acetate and Methanol in Humans and Animals

  • Edward Majchrowicz
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 56)

Abstract

The consensus of opinion is that the immediate causes of alcoholism stem mostly from psychological or sociological factors. However, we have little firm knowledge why some people use alcohol excessively; nor do we know much about why some persons are more sensitive or more tolerant to alcohol’s effects than are others.It is well known, however, that ethyl alcohol has important toxic effects on the human organism. The familiar changes in behavior observed during alcohol intoxication and during the alcohol withdrawal period are reflections of some biochemical and/or biophysical changes in the central nervous system and are related to the concentrations of ethanol in body fluids and in the brain.

Keywords

Dopamine Schizophrenia Respiration Enzymatic Degradation Norepinephrine 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Majchrowicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Alcohol ResearchNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and AlcoholismUSA

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