Solution Conformations, Photophysics, and Photochemistry of Bilirubin and Biliverdin Dimethyl Esters

  • Kurt Schaffner


This review will focus on the results of the investigations into the solution conformation, the photophysics and photochemistry of BRE, BVE, and related linear open-chain tetrapyrroles,* which have been carried out in Mülheim under the competent direction of Professor Silvia E. Braslavsky and Dr. Alfred R. Holzwarth (cf. ref 1 for a more extensive review of this and the literature work). The linear pigments are extended chromophores of unusual conformational flexibility in both the electronic ground and excited states. In principal, various configurational, conformational and tautomeric forms are possible, and interconversions of these forms can include E-Z photoisomerizations of the C=C bonds and rotations around the C-C bonds of the bridges, as well as intra- and intermolecular proton transfer processes. Some of these processes will link species which are almost isoenergetic and have overlapping spectra. These species often possess significantly different excited state properties, with thermally reversible photochemical changes. Direct experimental detection is thus often difficult, and reversible photochemical processes may appear as “energy wasting” channels difficult to distinguish from direct radiationless deactivation of the excited state to the ground state.


Human Serum Albumin Singlet Excited State Dimethyl Ester Neonatal Jaundice Ethyl Lactate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



ratio of dipole strengths of absorption and fluorescence excitation bands


opto-acoustic spectroscopy


circular dichroism


picosecond pump-probe


room temperature


single-photon timing


2-methyltetrahydrofuran; see also formula captions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Schaffner
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für StrahlenchemieMülheim a. d. RuhrWest Germany

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