Sampling Inspection

  • Ken Stout


Sampling inspection is a method based on the evidence of a small sample to decide if a batch of components, materials, or products, are to be accepted or rejected. Once the decision to accept a ‘good’ batch is made, the accepted product passes on to the next stage of manufacture, or goes for sale and use. If the decision is to reject a ‘bad’ batch, a further decision is necessary. For example, whether to return, scrap, or rework the components. The decision to scrap or rework is complicated and is discussed further in Chapter 15, but in this chapter the theory and practice of sample inspection is described. In Chapter 3 it was shown that by taking a small sample from a large population, a representative or unrepresentative sample may be yielded. It is therefore necessary, when sampling, to produce a scheme which minimizes the risk of errors occurring.


Sampling Plan Batch Size British Standard Institution Double Sampling Average Sample Size 
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  2. British Standards Institution BS 6001, ‘Sampling procedures and tables for inspection by attributes’, (London), (1972)Google Scholar
  3. Dodge H., Romig H. Sampling Inspection Tables, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York and Chichester, (1959)Google Scholar
  4. Stour, K. J., Charnley, C. J., Rowe, W. B., ‘The Effect of Quality on the Performance and Economics of Mechanised Assembly Machines’, Prodn Engr Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 119–26, (1973)Google Scholar

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© Ken Stout 1985

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  • Ken Stout

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