Animal Sonar pp 655-669 | Cite as

On the Evolution of Acoustic Communication Systems in Vertebrates

Part I: Historical Aspects
  • Kenneth S. Norris
  • Evan C. EvansIII
Part of the NATO ASI Science book series (NSSA, volume 156)


This paper seeks to trace the evolution of the processes of vertebrate communication and echolocation. To do this we have drawn information from the evolution of receptors, from animal communication and we refer to the origins of the supporting cognitive systems. The second paper reviews the cognitive systems underlying communication. The two papers are meant to be considered together.


Sperm Whale Acoustic Communication Ossicular Chain Humpback Whale Underwater Sound 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth S. Norris
    • 1
  • Evan C. EvansIII
    • 2
  1. 1.Joseph M. Long Marine LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA
  2. 2.Naval Ocean Systems CenterKaneoheUSA

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