High-Pressure Synthesis of Polyacohols by Catalytic Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide
Future efforts to explore the various energy resources should consider the use of coal and heavy fractions of petroleum oil to produce large amounts of carbon monoxide and then reactivating the Fischer-Tropsch process involving CO and H2 which was developed in Germany during World War II. The CO-H2 chemistry may lead to various products: Unbranched and branched hydrocarbons, primary monoalcohols, ethylene, α-olefins, polyalcohols, esters, and polymethylenes. Among these reactions, the synthesis of poly-hydroxylated Compounds is a noticeable example of the homogeneous catalysis, but it is difficult and requires drastic conditions [1, 2]. In recent years Union Carbide  has actively investigated the synthesis, but despite considerable research, the results described by the patents are difficult to understand and are not very clear regarding the conversion and selectivity. We have investigated the same reaction in order to define the various conditions enabling the direct synthesis of polyalcohols from carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
KeywordsAustenitic Stainless Steel High Strength Steel Heavy Fraction Union Carbide Homogeneous Catalysis
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