Advertisement

Measurement of Wave Profiles in Shock-Loaded Solids

  • R. A. Graham

Abstract

Those of us whose technical interest concerns the response of solids to shock-wave loading feel quite at home with nanoseconds and GPa’s. Nevertheless, the nonlinear and largely irreversible events which take place under such short durations and high pressures are not available for direct examination with our human senses and we rely on our instruments for scientific descriptions of the processes. Since our experience is so limited under these conditions, experiments have played a leading role in the development of the field and the fidelity of our instruments and the validity of our experiments are crucial elements in our understanding of shock processes.

Keywords

Particle Velocity Wave Profile Acceleration Measurement Conservation Relation Vitreous Silica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. A. Graham and J. R. Asay, High Temp.-High Press., in press.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. A. Graham, paper presented at Workshop on Nonlinear Waves in Solids, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, Chicago, Illinois, March 21–23, 1977, in press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. R. Fowles, in Dynamic Response of Materials to Intense Impulsive Loading P. C. Chou and A. K. Hopkins, eds., Air Force Materials Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio (1972), p. 405.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. G. McQueen, S. P. Marsh, J. W. Taylor, J. N. Fritz, and W. J. Carter, in High Velocity Impact Phenomena R. R. Kinslow, ed., Academic Press, New York (1970), p. 293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. G. Doran, in High Pressure Measurement A. A. Giardini and E. C. Lloyd, eds., Butterworths, Washington (1963), p. 59.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. F. Minshall, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories, private communication, 1961.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. M. Butcher and J. R. Canon, AIAA J. 2, 2174 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Tuler, Sandia Laboratories, private communication.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. B. Benedick, Sandia Laboratories, private communication.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. A. Graham and G. E. Ingram, in Behavior of Dense Media Under High-Dynamic Pressures Gordon and Breach, New York (1968), p. 469.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. W. Taylor and M. H. Rice, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 364 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Jones, F. W. Neilson, and W. B. Benedick, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3224 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. M. Barker and R. E. Hollenbach, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4872 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. H. Karnes, in Mechanical Behavior of Materials Under Dynamic Loads U. S. Lindholm, ed., Springer Verlag, New York (1968), p. 270.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. H. Karnes, Sandia Laboratories, private communication.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. E. Grady, in High Pressure Research Applications in Geophysics M. H. Manghnani and S. Akimoto, eds., Academic Press, New York (1977), p. 389.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. S. Abou-Sayed, R. J. Clifton, and L. Hermann, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 49 (1975).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. S. Abou-Sayed, R. J. Clifton, and L. Hermann, Exp. Mech. 16, 127 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. S. Abou-Sayed and R. J. Clifton, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1762 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. S. Kim, R. J. Clifton, and P. Kumar, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4132 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. M. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 694 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. R. Fowles, paper presented at Workshop on Nonlinear Waves in Solids, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, Chicago, Illinois, March 21–23, 1977, in press.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. R. Asay, Sandia Laboratories, private communication.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. A. Graham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 307 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. A. Graham, Phys. Rev. B6, 4779 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. A. Graham, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2153 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. A. Graham, F. W. Neilson, and W. B. Benedick, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1775 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. A. Graham, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1901 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    L. M. Barker and R. E. Hollenbach, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4208 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    L. M. Barker, private communication.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. R. Asay, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2832 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    W. Herrmann, in Propagation of Shock Waves in Solids AMD Vol. 17, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York (1976), p. 1.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. W. Nunziato, E. K. Walsh, K. W. Schuler, and L. M. Barker, in Encyclopedia of Physics, Vol. VIa/4, Mechanics of Solids IV, C. Truesdell, ed., Springer-Verlag, New York (1974), p. 1.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Wackerle, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 922 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    W. B. Benedick and J. R. Asay, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 21, 1298 (1976).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Graham
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA

Personalised recommendations