Recent Progress in Hydrothermal Quartz Crystallization

  • R. A. Laudise


Because of its unique piezoelectric properties α-quartz is a singularly important material in electronics and after Si comprises the largest volume Single crystal prepared commercially. The high-pressure crystallization of quartz under hydrothermal conditions has a long and distinguished history which will not be reviewed here. The reader should consult one of several recent reviews [1,2]. High-pressure conditions are required so that temperature and solvent density may be kept in a range where the solubility of α-quartz is sufficient to allow controlled crystal growth. The apparatus [3] and physical chemistry of quartz solubility [4], growth [5] and impurity partition [6] have been well studied and the reader should consult recent papers for this information. In this paper we review three new developments in quartz growth: (1) Alternative nutrient to that available from Brazil as feed stock for recrystallization; (2) the elimination of strain and cracking in quartz; and (3) the preparation of dislocation-free quartz.


Vein Quartz Feed Stock Iron Silicate North American Continent Vitreous Silica 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Laudise
    • 1
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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