Superficially similar to agents’ exploitation of an intervention is the well known pattern of goal displacement, whereby an instrumental value becomes a terminal value. Thus, it might be argued that a bureaucratic incumbent derives gratification from adherence to regulations and the exercise of delegated powers and competencies quite apart from goal achievement, suggesting a certain amount of self-serving exploitation of the role. Unlike exploitation, however, the presumed benefits of devoting oneself to the most efficient means are enjoined, while exploitation, as that term was used in the preceding chapter, denotes behavior that is largely optional and self-serving. In short, the bureaucrat’s compulsive attention to means is a positive requirement.
KeywordsGoal Achievement Blind Person Professional Orientation Preceding Chapter Presume Benefit
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