Use of Adair Four-Step Kinetics in Mathematical Simulation of Oxygen Transport in the Microcirculation

  • E. W. Yap
  • J. D. Hellums
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 215)


The Adair four-step kinetic model for the reactions of haemoglobin and oxygen recognizes five haemoglobin species, corresponding to deoxyhaemoglobin and one species for each level of oxygenation of the four haem groups. Thus, an oxygen transport problem involves a system of five simultaneous non-linear partial differential equations for diffusion with chemical reaction. This mathematical complexity has impeded application of the Adair model despite its theoretical advantages over the one-step model often used in practice.

The Adair kinetic model has been incorporated into a simulation of microcirculatory oxygen transport. The results show that the usual one-step kinetic model is inaccurate in comparison with the Adair model. However, an empirical modification can be made to the one-step model to ensure compatibility with the equilibrium curve. This modified one-step kinetic model (the VRC model) is much more tractable mathematically than the Adair model. In the physiological range of fluxes, the VRC kinetic model appears to be of sufficient accuracy for most purposes, and the mathematical complexity of the Adair model is not required.


Kinetic Model Nusselt Number Oxygen Transport Mathematical Simulation Haem Group 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. W. Yap
    • 1
  • J. D. Hellums
    • 1
  1. 1.Rice UniversityHoustonUSA

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