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Membrane Glycoproteins in Superoxide Release from Neutrophils

  • Giovanni Ricevuti
  • Antonino Mazzone
  • Antonia Notario
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 189)

Abstract

Neutrophils are the cells generally considered to be the first line of defence against invading microorganisms. Stimulation of their surface receptors activates a repertoire of killing functions as phagocytosis, superoxide production, exocytosis of acid hydrolases and proteases, chemotaxis, aggregation and generation of arachidonic acid-derived inflammatory mediators. The major microbicidal mechanisms of the human granulocytes(PMN) require the formation of reactive oxygen metabolites such as superoxide anion (02) and hydrogen peroxide (the oxidative burst) and the secretion of granule enzymes such as myeloperoxidase (degranulation). Both of these events can be triggered by various soluble or particulate stimuli which interact with the cell surface and depolarize the cell membranes. The PMN to exposed to the specific murine monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) exhibit a significant depression in (02) generation in response to fMLP to serum-treated zymosan (STZ). Preliminary data suggested that MoAbs depolarizes the PMN cell membrane and that this may be associated with the alterations in oxidative metabolism caused by same MoAbs2’3. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between surface membrane glycoproteins, membrane depolarization in the human granulocytes and the subsequent oxidative burst Several MoAbs were used for to identifie the membrane glycoprotein fundamental in respiratory burst activation.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Ricevuti
    • 1
  • Antonino Mazzone
    • 1
  • Antonia Notario
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics. Section of Medical PathologyUniversity of Pavia. IRCCS S. Matteo HospitalPaviaItaly

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