Disturbances of Thinking
Disturbances of thinking constitute some of the most frequently encountered symptoms of mental diseases. Clinical manifestations of thinking disorders are extremely diverse; some of them are considered typical for a given kind of disease. In diagnosing a disease, clinicians are frequently influenced by the presence of a particular kind of thinking disturbance. Therefore, in all psychiatric texts and monographs, dealing with the most diverse clinical problems, we find statements about thought disorder; many articles on the disorganization of cognitive activity are to be found as well in the psychological literature. However, there is no single principle to determine the basis for analyzing these disorders; this comes about because, in describing and analyzing disturbances of thinking, researchers proceeded from different psychological theories of thinking and with different methodological biases.
KeywordsCognitive Activity Concrete Situation Intellectual Activity Personal Taste Metaphorical Meaning
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