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The Cerro Purico Shield Complex, North Chile

  • P. W. Francis
  • W. F. McDonough
  • M. Hammill
  • L. J. O’Callaghan
  • R. S. Thorpe

Abstract

Cerro Purico is a 1.3 Ma old ignimbrite shield volcano. The first erupted unit was the rhyolitic Toconao ignimbrite (87Sr/86Sr = 0.7100), followed after an erosional interval by the dacitic Purico ignimbrite with the same radiometric age (87Sr/86Sr = 0.7085). Andesitic to dacitic lavas and extrusive domes were later emplaced in the summit region. The upper part of the Purico ignimbrite contains banded and mafic (andesitic) pumices isotopically indistinguishable from the host. The youngest dome (Chascon) contains basaltic xenoliths characterized by Sr isotope ratios (0.7059) lower than the host dacite (0.7073). While the major and trace element chemistry of the suite is unexceptional, a complex magmatic history is required to explain the origin of mafic pumice clasts and isotopically contrasted mafic xenoliths. Simple crustal anatexis cannot account for the range of compositions observed.

Keywords

Magma Chamber Basaltic Magma Pumice Clast Bishop Tuff Trace Element Chemistry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© R.S. Harmon and B.A. Barreiro 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. W. Francis
  • W. F. McDonough
  • M. Hammill
  • L. J. O’Callaghan
  • R. S. Thorpe

There are no affiliations available

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