Optical Nonlinearities and Femtosecond Dynamics of Quantum Confined CdSe Microcrystallites
Pump-probe spectroscopic techniques with nanosecond pulses are used to investigate the size quantization effects in CdSe microcrystallites in glass matrices (quantum dots). Nonlinear properties of the transitions between quantum confined electron and hole states are reported for low temperatures and at room temperature. Femtosecond four-wave mixing and differential transmission spectroscopic techniques were also employed to study the excited state dynamics and relaxation times of the quantum dots. The homogeneous and inhomogeneous contributions to the lowest electronic transitions are measured by femtosecond spectral hole burning at various temperatures. The inhomogeneous linewidth is due to size and shape distribution of the crystallites. Our experiments indicate that the hole-width increases with increasing light intensity. The optical nonlinearities as a function of microcrystallite size were investigated using single beam saturation experiment for the three quantum confined samples. A simple absorption saturation model was used to analyze the data. The results indicate that the saturation intensity is larger for smaller semiconductor sizes. Therefore, the index change per unit of intensity, Δn/I which is proportional to (α-αB)/Is is larger for larger sizes. Here, Δn is the index change, α is the absorption at the peak of the transition, αB is the background absorption, and Is is the saturation intensity.
KeywordsHeat Treatment Temperature Nonlinear Optical Property Pump Intensity Quantum Confinement Effect Pump Wavelength
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Al. L. Efros and A. L. Efros, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 16, 772 (1982).Google Scholar
- 2.L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4403 (1984); L. E. Brus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron, QE-22, 1909 (1986).Google Scholar
- 3.A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 16, 775 (1982).Google Scholar
- 7.U. Woggon and F. Henneberger, J. De Physique (Optical Bistability IV). C2 255 (1988).Google Scholar
- 8.Y. Massamuto, H. Sugawara, and M. Yamazaki, Proc. of IQEC′88 (1988).Google Scholar
- 9.T. Takagahara, Proc. of IQEC′88 P.620 (1988)Google Scholar
- 14.P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Hitzanis, and N. Neuroth, Proc. of IQEC′88, P.52 (1988).Google Scholar
- 15.Y. Wang, W. Mahler, A. Suna, E. F. Hilinski, and P. A. Lucas, Proc. of IQEC′88, P.544 (1988).Google Scholar
- 16.H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistablilty: Controlling Light with Light (Academic Press, New York, 1985) Google Scholar