Advertisement

Is Salt Restriction Necessary to Reduce the Risk of Stone Formation?

  • P. N. Rao
  • E. B. Faraghar
  • A. Buxton
  • V. Prendiville
  • N. J. Blacklock

Abstract

Several studies have demonstrated a close association between idiopathic hypercalciuria and upper urinary tract stone disease. The cause of the hypercalciuria is not totally understood, but it is well known that the tubular reabsorption of sodium and calcium are closely related1. Studies in animals and man suggest that dietary and urinary sodium may influence urinary calcium excretion2,3. Except for a few isolated reports, however, there is little information on the role of dietary sodium in idiopathic hypercalciuria. We have examined the relationship between urinary sodium and calcium in a group of stone formers and investigated the effect of dietary sodium restriction in those who were hypercalciuric.

Keywords

Urinary Calcium Calcium Oxalate Calcium Excretion Urinary Sodium Dietary Sodium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. A. L. Sutton, and J. H. Dirks, in: “The Kidney”, B. M. Brenner and F. C. Rector, eds., W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia (1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. R. Kleeman, J. Bohannan, D. Bernstein, S. Ling, and M. H. Maxwell, Proc. Soc. Ex. Biol. Med. 115:29 (1964).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Walser, Am. J. Physiol. 200:1099 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. H. Flocks, J. Am. Mech. Assoc. 113:1466 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Albright, P. Henneman, P. H. Benedict, and A. P. Forbes, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 46:1077 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. A. Thom, J. E. Morris, A. Bishop, and N. J. Blacklock, Br. J. Urol. 50:459 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. G. Robertson, M. Peacock, P. J. Heyburn, F. A. Hanes, A. Rutherford, E. Clementson, R. Swaminathan, P. B. Clark, Br. J. Urol. 51:427 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. N. Rao, C. Gordon, C. Davies, and N. J. Blacklock, Br. J.Urol. 54:575 (1982).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. P. Muldowney, Kidney Int. 16:637 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. A. L. Sutton and V. R. Walker, in: “Urolithiasis: Clinical and Basic Research”, L. H. Smith, W. G. Robertson and B. Finlayson, eds., Plenum, New York (1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. N. Rao
    • 1
  • E. B. Faraghar
    • 1
  • A. Buxton
    • 1
  • V. Prendiville
    • 1
  • N. J. Blacklock
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospital of South ManchesterManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations