Alterations in Kidney Location with Changes in Patient Position: Implications for Percutaneous Renal Procedures
Accurate localization of the renal collecting system is important for the safe and efficient performance of percutaneous nephrostomy. That renal location changes with different body positions is commonly accepted1–3 but has not been systematically studied. We employed computed tomography to demonstrate the extent and unpredictability of in vivo renal mobility. Our results demonstrate the importance of localizing the collecting system and of continuous needle guidance during puncture.
KeywordsPercutaneous Nephrostomy Oblique Position System Distance Left Renal Pelvis Supine Prone
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