Anatomical Localization of Urinary Risk Factors of Calcium Oxalate Stone Formation
A major limitation of urinary studies in calcium oxalate (CaOx) stone disease is that the voided specimen represents the final product of urine formation. It is not known whether there is a difference in the relative concentrations of the various risk factors between upper and lower urinary tract urine or between one kidney and the other. This could help to explain why stones form most commonly in the upper tract and why some patients form calculi only on one side.
KeywordsUric Acid Lower Tract Urine Renal Pelvis Calcium Oxalate Stone Disease
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- 3.K. A. Edyvane, R. L. Ryall, and V. R. Marshall, in: “Urinary Stone”, R. Ryall, J. G. Brockis, V. Marshall, and B. Finlayson, eds., Churchill Livingstone, Melbourne (1984).Google Scholar