Advertisement

Urolithiasis in Hereditary Renal Hypouricemia

  • O. Sperling
Conference paper

Abstract

Urolithiasis due to excessive excretion of insoluble urinary components, is an important clinical manifestation of several inborn errors of metabolism in man. In some of these disorders the excessive excretion is due to a metabolic defect, such as in primary hyperoxaluria, xanthinuria, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HGPRT) deficiency and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP) synthetase over-activity, whereas in other disorders, it is due to a renal tubular transport abnormality, such as in cystinuria. Hereditary hypouricemia, due to an isolated defect in renal tubular urate reabsorption, is a relatively new disorder, which should be classified with the inborn transport disorders associated with stone formation. Renal hypouricemia of the isolated type was first described by Praetorius and Kirk1, but no evidence was adduced for genetic transmission. The first case of inborn renal hypouricemia2 was reported in 1972. Since 1974 we have encountered 7 Israeli familes with renal hypouricemia in whom the tubular abnormality pertained to urate handling only3−8. Three of the 7 propositi, as well as the propositus reported by Greene et al2, were found to have stones and urolithiasis is a common manifestation of the syndrome. The study of the affected Israeli families contributed to the characterization of the physiological, clinical and genetic aspects of this rare inborn transport error9.

Keywords

Uric Acid Calcium Oxalate Uric Acid Stone Primary Hyperoxaluria Clearance Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. Praetorius and J. E. Kirk, J. Lab. Clin, Med. 35:865 (1950).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. L. Green, R. Marcus, G. D. Aurbach, E. S. Kazam, and J. E. Seegmiller, Am. J. Med. 53:361 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    O. Sperling, A. Weinberger, I. Oliver, U. A. Liberman, and A. deVries, Ann. Intern. Med. 80:482 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Benjamin, O. Sperling, A. Weinberger, J. Pinkhas, and A. de Vries, Nephron 18:220 (1977).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Benjamin, O. Sperling, A. Weinberger, and J. Pinkhas, Biomed. 29:54 (1978).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Frank, M. Many, and O. Sperling, Br. J. Urol 51:88 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Weitz and O. Sperling, J. Pediat. 96:850 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Garty, A. Nitzan, and O. Sperling. Is. J. Med. Sci. 17:295 (1981).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. de Vries and O. Sperling, Biomed. 30:75 (1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. F. Yü, A. B. Gutman, L. Berger, and C. Kaung, Am. J. Physiol. 220:973 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    O. Sperling, P. Boer, A. Weinberger, and A. Vries, Biomed. 23:157 (1975).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. E. Rieselbach, Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 76B:1 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    O. Sperling, M. Frank, and M. Many, Adv. Urol. Nephrol. 14:67 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Sperling
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Clinical BiochemistryBeilinson Medical CenterPetah-TikvaIsrael
  2. 2.Dept. of Chemical PathologyTel-Aviv UniversityTel-HashomerIsrael

Personalised recommendations