Drinking Water Quality and Urolithiasis

  • P. M. Ilievski
  • S. S. Ilievska
Conference paper


A negative correlation between water hardness and lithiasis has been demonstrated in Czechoslovakia, in the south eastern part of the United States, in some regions of the United Kingdom and in Yugoslavia1−10. From these investigations we conclude that regions with soft drinking water have a higher incidence of urolithiasis than regions with hard drinking water.


Drinking Water Water Hardness Calcium Oxalate Total Hardness Stone Disease 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Ilievski
    • 1
  • S. S. Ilievska
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Center of BitolaBitolaYugoslavia

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