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Hormonal Influences on Retinal Photodamage

  • W. Keith O’Steen

Abstract

Photic stimuli influence the function and behavior of animals in a number of ways. As analyzed by Wurtman (1), photic information serves at least three functions in mammals: 1) it acts as a stimulus for the complex phenomenon of vision, 2) it regulates optic autonomic reflexes, and 3) it controls certain “neurovegetative functions”, such as gonadal maturation and some endocrine rhythms. Environmental photoperiodicity participates in the regulation of sexual development of the rat (2). Diurnal and seasonal photic changes can synchronize, or even generate, rhythms in endocrine function, such as reproductive hormone cycles. The origin and continuation of the rhythms are dependent in many instances on feedback mechanisms involving gonadal hormones and hypothalamic and pituitary vascular connections. Whether pituitary glands and gonadal hormones have feedback functions directly with the photoreceptor organ, the eye, is unknown at this time.

Keywords

Pituitary Gland Retinal Degeneration Outer Nuclear Layer Hormonal Influence Retinal Damage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Keith O’Steen
    • 1
  1. 1.Bowman Gray School of MedicineWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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