The first laboratory of experimental psychology was established in 1885 at Madrid University by José Simarra. In 1918 the Instituto de Orientación Profesional (Institute of Vocational Orientation), later called Institute de Psicotécnica (Psychotech-nical Institute), was established in Barcelona under the leadership of Emilio Mira. In 1920 the Institute Nacional de Psicología Aplicada (National Institute of Applied Psychology) was organized in Madrid by José Germain.
KeywordsgUidance Counseling Executive Council Vocational Guidance Clinical Counseling Honorary Member
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