In the second part of the 19th century, there was the strong liberal influence in the Mexican government that had been crystallized by Benito Juárez. Gabino Barreda, a Mexican educator who studied under A. Comte, believed that positivism was the best doctrine and he organized Mexican education accordingly. Justo Sierra, the minister of education, provided the opportunity for Ezequiel A. Chávez, probably the first Mexican psychologist, to request the inclusion of a course of psychology in the escuela preparatoría. Ezequiel A. Chávez was nominated founder and first professor of a course in psychology at the preparatory school in 1893. The preparatoria covers the 9th to the 12th grade of education, and since the course in psychology was offered in the 11th grade and has remained in the curriculum ever since, it is probable that Mexico is a pioneer in the teaching of psychology at the high school level.


Industrial Psychology High School Level Professional Level Mexican Government Individual Psychologist 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin B. Wolman

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