At the present time, there is intensive investigation of systems formed by oxides of elements with variable valence. The most important problem in this field is the study of the behavior of iron oxides at high temperature and also the changes underlying the theory of the most important metallurgical processes, which occur under similar conditions in more complex systems. Such systems include oxides of chromium, manganese, and a series of other elements, which are very important for the development of the physicochemical foundations of refractory technology and slag processes.


Partial Pressure Oxygen Pressure Condensed Phase Boundary Curve Metallic Iron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bowen, N. L., and J. F. Schairer. Am. J. Sci. 24:177 (1932).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chipman, J., and S. Marshall. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 62: 299 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Coughlin, J. P. U. S. Bureau of Mines, Bulletin 542 (1954).Google Scholar
  4. Darken, L. S., and R. W. Gurry. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 67:1398 (1945).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Darken, L. S., and R. W. Gurry. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 68:798 (1946).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Doerinkel, F. Metall und Erz 8: 201 (1911).Google Scholar
  7. Emmett, P. H., and J. F. Schultz. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 52:4268 (1930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glasser, F. P. Am. J. Sci. 256: 398 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hahn, W. C. and A. Muan. Am. J. Sci. 258: 66 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Herty, C. Metals and Alloys 1: 883 (1930).Google Scholar
  11. Klingsberg, C., and R. Roy. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 43(12): 620 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Muan, A. Trans. AIME 203: 965–976 (1955).Google Scholar
  13. Muan, A. Am. J. Sci. 256:171 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Muan, A. Am. J. Sci. 257: 297 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Schuhmann, R., K. G. Powell, and E. J. Michol. J. Metals (Sept. 1953), p. 197; Trans. AIME (1953), p. 1097.Google Scholar
  16. Tatevskaya, E. P., G. I. Chufarov, and V. K. Antonov. Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otd. Tekhn. Nauk (1948), pp. 371–383.Google Scholar
  17. White, J., D. D. Howat, and R. Hay, Roy. Tech. Coll. J., Glasgow 3: 231 (1934).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikita Aleksandrovich Toropov
    • 1
  • Valentin Pavlovich Barzakovskii
    • 1
  1. 1.Leningrad Institute of Silicate ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRRussia

Personalised recommendations